This is another one of those tricky exposures. Grey skies, which is the norm in the Pac NW, and the amazing palette of green that is also the norm. No choice here but to pump up the saturation on the green. Since I used a GND filter in processing, I can’t help but wonder if a grad ND would have been a good idea on the camera. I shall have to try this again. On the other hand, I’d rather come back here on a sunny, partly cloudy day to add to the drama of this perspective. Crown Point is in the middle foreground, and Beacon Rock to the back along the river. This is of course, the Columbia River. Lots of grandeur in the rocks/water/mountains/trees up here. It’s all just huge.
While I love the silky water effect I got here, the movement of the air by the falling water really blurred the vegetation. Yea, it’s a small issue, but it bugs me. I do love the detail and contrast of the columnar basalt behind the falls. The light and contrast here is exactly what I love in an image. I may post this on my web page, just not sure yet.
Monthly Archives: April 2010
Pacific Northwest water and greenery
The Columbia River Gorge is full of waterfalls and
this time of year is very green (and wet), with varying shades of green as well. I was looking forward to trying out my variable neutral density filter and getting some classic silky water shots. I think this is the best of the day, which is Horsetail Falls, just to the east of Multnomah Falls, which everyone and their brother has photographed.
A variable neutral density filter is a necessity to get this degree of silkiness in running water. It acts much like a second aperture, effectively closing off even more light, allowing long shutter speeds in broad daylight, rendering waterfalls and rapids into a soft silky appearance. Of course, a tripod is a necessity, but since I didn’t have the room for one, I brought my monopod. In the case of this image, I used a bean bag type of support, on top of a stone wall surrounding this waterfall. It let me adjust the camera position and held it as securely as a tripod, thus not blurring the long exposure. Another problem I ran into was the sheer amount of air displacement from the force of the water on some of the falls, which caused the vegetation to blur due to its movement. I got a few nice shots despite this.
Postings may be a bit sporadic this week, as I am out of town. However, I’ll be doing some shooting so will get some stuff up as I can. Look for a more prolific week next week.
Sometimes bad light is good light
We had a great idea, doing a sunrise and sunset session at
Sand Dunes National Monument. The sunrise session went well. The sunset was looking very promising…until we got there. We had a large cloud roll in, and like a big diffuser, the light went pretty flat. So much for our dramatic shadows and glorious sunset colors. No matter, we aren’t easily discouraged and when we have our cameras in our hands we just can’t help ourselves.
I got out a newer lens that I hadn’t had much time to play with. To say that it’s a large prime is an understatement, but it has such great subject isolation and bokeh, and as you can see on the dunes, really great perspective compression. Even with the flat light, the shapes and curves of the dunes are compelling. We all found our spots to shoot and went for it. This is one of the images I got. With the wind blowing so hard, you can see the sand blowing across the surface of the sand, which softens some of the curves and gives a nice effect. We did have some dramatic clouds, just not the sunset light we had hoped for. Nevertheless, they are a nice contrast to the color of the sand. This was taken with a 200mm f/2 lens on my Nikon D3s, which I am falling deeply in love with. Love this lens too. More to come.
Getting it right in the camera…
Since Brian and I were busy shooting yesterday, I didn’t get a post in for that day. Here is my first photo that I’ve processed from that morning. A good ratio of keepers for the day as well. In the last post, I talked about getting it right in the camera. While I never claim to be perfect, this is a pretty good example of doing that. I used a Reverse Graduated Neutral Density filter here. That let me expose the darker foreground up a bit. The reverse grad let me keep some of the more subtle colors in the clouds and sky, and in some other images, you’ll see darker blues in the sky as well. Money well spent. Processing time was minimal, no more than for most of my images, and I am much happier with the result. Judge for yourself.
This is not the ideal application for a reverse grad, but I wanted to darken the sky, and still leave the foreground lighter, as well as bring out some of the color of the dunes.
Get it right in the camera
This may look like a great shot, because it is after all, New Zealand, and one of the most scenic spots in New Zealand, Milford Road. I mucked it up by being impatient. This is a classic example of why you need to take…your…time… and get it right in the camera. You’re also looking at the end result of several steps in Photoshop to attempt to salvage what was basically blown highlights. I did ok with it. I don’t consider this a saleable image and here is why. Blown highlights means no data, just as much as excessive black means no data. The eye pretty much recoils from blown highlights. You can guess where those are if you look at this image even briefly. You shoulda seen them before I worked on it. Ow. My retinas are still burning.
This is a difficult exposure, due to the snow with the sun blazing on it, and the valley pretty much still in morning shadow. Difficult, but not impossible. How could I have fixed it? Show of hands? Moose, if you’re reading, you don’t get to answer, but thanks. Put your hand down. 🙂
This is a perfect place to use a graduated neutral density filter. Why didn’t I? Hell if I know, but I was being impatient and relying on my technology and perhaps thinking “I can fix it in Photoshop”. Well, I only was able to sorta fix it. If you are on a once in a lifetime vacation, fer Cod’s sake bring these filters with you. I did, and I didn’t use them here. I was using a polarizer, but sometimes, even that isn’t enough. This particular filter is more of a warming polarizer, which tends to warm up colors and doesn’t polarize as much as a regular polarizer does. A great filter yes, but probably not as appropriate for this situation. Live and learn. In photography, these “learning opportunities” can be painful. I may never pass this way again, and even if I do, will I have this brilliant blue sky again? Two friends of mine were there a few months later, and it was very very cloudy. This area gets 30 meters of rain per year. For those not inclined to the metric system, a meter is just over a yard. That’s a lot of rain. Blue skies are not that common. Opportunity…well, not blown but also not fully taken advantage of either.
Had I used a GND filter, I would have been able to preserve the data in the areas that I blew out, leaving the darker foreground, well…lighter, and would have had a bit more latitude in processing this image. Most likely, it wouldn’t have required nearly as much processing, leaving more time to go out and shoot more. The plug ins I use for photoshop have a Graduated Neutral Density filter, which is one of the steps I used here. But blown highlights are blown highlights. Just as you can’t sharpen an out of focus image, you can’t completely salvage an area of no data. Got it? That’s how the camera interprets it. No data. Not just really really bright white like our eyes and brain.
Our modern digital cameras, as good as they are, do not have the dynamic range of our eyes. This is why so many people I know get frustrated with landscape and other kinds of photography, because, and I quote one friend “I just can’t do it justice”. I am here to tell you that you can, but don’t believe me, look at the pro’s. They do it all the time. Because of this limitation of technology, we need to trick our cameras into exposing the way we want them to, with filters, etc.
HDR (High Dynamic Range) is another way of blending and processing images that we take when bracketing for different exposures. HDR, when done right, yields stunning images full of dynamic range. My pet peeve about that technique is when people over map, and make it look like a bad acid trip. Perhaps more on that subject later. Please folks, if you do HDR, don’t do that. That is not what it was meant to do. Artistic effects are fine…but make it mean something, don’t just cover up a bad image with an effect to make it look “cool”.
Many of you may say this is not a bad image. I would agree, its not. It’s hard to call New Zealand ugly; even in a bad photo, you can tell it’s paradise. In a mediocre image, the beauty shines through. This is just not a great image from a technical standpoint. It matters to me, if to no one else.
If you ever get a chance to go there, do it. You won’t regret it.
Light…or the lack of it
This shot was taken shortly after I got my D3s. This camera has some scary low light performance, but even more than that, I think it shows just how well it handles tricky exposures. The DOF is pretty shallow here, as I am shooting wide open in a dark restaurant into windows that show daylight outside. I didn’t really do much darkening of the windows, nor much lightening of the foreground, as I wanted to show that warm interior light. I tend to like dark contrasty stuff, I think this camera and me are going to get along just fine.
That ever elusive quality that we look for. When it’s there, magic happens. When it’s not, we break out the flash(es) and try to make it happen. Sometimes the magic works, sometimes it doesn’t. This time it did. This image is a friend of mine who needed some professional head shots and portraits. I ran out and got a backdrop and some reflectors, thinking that I needed them (well, truth be told, I did), and so we did several shots in front of said backdrops and using the reflectors/illuminators. I am very happy with them. This one however, was done in my kitchen (which as you see, has great light in the morning) and the results were amazing. Just one off camera flash, no reflectors, no backdrop except what is there. Marc is just Hollywood enough that he is an outstanding subject, knows when to smile, how to stand, made this shoot a real pleasure.
"Cloudy Days Suck"…or do they?
Many photographers claim that you can’t get great photos on cloudy days. Well, it depends… (I love to use that). Many images on cloudy days, out of the camera, can be a bit flat, for example landscapes. Those are often “macro days” when colors look more saturated, so your flower photos can look better on days like that. However, on a spring day in Colorado, when the snow is melting on the high mountains, nothing is really blooming in the high country yet, what’s a frustrated photographer to do?
Image one shows a very flat, SOOC (Straight out of camera) series of images stitched into a panorama. No, I didn’t use a pan head on a tripod either. This is hand held. Just because you’re on a budget, doesn’t mean you can’t shoot panoramas. That’s a subject for a whole ‘nother discussion. I also used the clone stamp to get rid of some things in the foreground that were distracting, to me at least. But I’ll never tell.
Image #2 shows some improvements after running it through Photoshop/Nik Software Complete Collection plug ins, which I highly recommend. Nik software has instructional videos on their web page, daily webinars, for FREE! This stuff is easy to use, I can’t imagine why you wouldn’t want to take advantage of it. This particular image shows the results of using Viveza to even out some differences in tonalities due to the differences in exposure post stitching, then Pro Contrast to remove some color casting. Tonal Contrast lets you selectively adjust midtones, highlights and shadows, both globally and locally with control points. If you don’t know what control points are, go to http://www.niksoftware.com and find out for yourself just how powerful and easy they are to use. I then applied White Neutralizer (these are all in Color Efex Pro) to do just that, make the whites, white. Not bad, but it’s still missing something.
The sky is sort of… too white, too flat, not a lot of contrast. Apply Graduated Neutral Density Filter, which I could and should have done with a filter on the end of my lens. But I didn’t. Software to the rescue. This is also found in Color Efex Pro.
As my favorite TV chef says… BAM! Dramatic sky. Bluer blues, clouds are distinct and full of contrast, and as you see, there was a lot of cloud cover that day.
The last image shows another common way to overcome cloudy days. Make it a black and white. These are perfect days to shoot specifically with black and white in mind. Or not, as you can see from the previous shots.
So, a rather gloomy day turned into not only a good day photographically, but I had fun getting to know my shooting companion better, and I got to hang out with good friends who are also photographers. Day salvaged, on many levels. Now get out there and shoot!
Well, here I am. I’ve been pondering this blog thing for some time. This is a photographic blog, nothing more, nothing less (despite it’s title). I will admit my bias toward Nikon, but this isn’t going to be about which gear is better. This is going to be all about the image, the light and the magical fun that is photography.
FYI, I am not being paid to promote any of the sites I have linked to. Some are blogs and web sites of friends, others are professional photographers that I greatly admire and who have influenced me, or provided me some of the knowledge that I possess about digital photography. I put them here so that maybe you can get inspiration from them as I do.